Neuropsychiatric Investigation
Original Article

Evaluation of Depression, Anxiety, Self-Esteem, and Social Appearance Anxiety Levels and Their Relationship with Technology-Related Sexual Violence Among People Using Online Dating Applications: A Controlled Study


Department of Psychology, Postgraduate Education Institute, İstanbul Kent University, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University Medical Faculty, İstanbul, Turkey

Neuropsychiatric Investigation 2024; 62: 1-8
DOI: 10.5152/NeuropsychiatricInvest.2024.23026
Read: 247 Downloads: 194 Published: 06 March 2024

Objective: The purpose of the research is to investigate the effects of sexual violence related to the use of online dating applications (ODAs) and how these effects are reflected in participants’ levels of depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and social appearance anxiety.

Methods: For the research, people (n=91) who used ODA were reached through websites and social networks using the snowball technique. As control group, people with no history of ODA use (n=70) were included in the study via the internet. Assessments included Sociodemographic Data Form, which was prepared by the researchers, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Social Appearance Anxiety Scale. Linear regression analyses were performed to determine the predictive effect of using an ODA and being exposed to sexual violence on depression, anxiety, selfesteem, and social appearance anxiety scores.

Results: Participants who used ODA scored higher on depression, anxiety, and social appearance anxiety than those who did not. Participants who did not use ODA were found to have higher self-esteem. Additionally, significant differences were found in the levels of depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and social appearance anxiety between participants who used ODAs and were exposed to sexual violence and participants who never used ODA.

Conclusion: Our research shows that there is a relationship between the use of ODA and the risk of exposure to sexual violence. It is thought that the use of ODA may also have negative effects on depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and social appearance anxiety. It is important to raise awareness about the use of ODA, digital safety, and violence.

Cite this article as: Çörekçioğlu T. M., Cesur E. Evaluation of depression, anxiety, self-esteem and social appearance anxiety levels and their relationship with technology related sexual violence among people using online dating applications: A controlled study. Neuropsychiatr Invest. 2024;62(1):1-8.

EISSN 2792-0070